The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
As USAID/Pakistan Mission Director, John Groarke leads one of the Agency’s largest overseas missions, with an assistance portfolio valued at over $2.4 billion. USAID’s program promotes stability, security and prosperity in a country at the forefront of U.S. foreign policy priorities, featuring projects in energy and infrastructure, economic growth and agriculture, health, education and resilience, with an emphasis on those regions facing security challenges.
From 2013-2015, Mr. Groarke served as Mission Director for USAID/Haiti, leading a $2.2 billion program that supports Haiti’s recovery from a devastating earthquake. As Mission Director for USAID/Morocco between 2009 and 2013, Mr. Groarke led a program supporting the Government of Morocco's political and economic reform during a time of regional transition.
In 2010, Mr. Groarke was detailed to Afghanistan to lead USAID’s efforts to implement President Obama’s counter-insurgency strategy by establishing regional satellite missions throughout the country. He previously served as Deputy Mission Director in Egypt (2006-2009), and in Iraq (2005-2006). Mr. Groarke served as Senior Regional Legal Adviser for Egypt and Iraq (2002-2005), Senior Regional Legal Adviser for West Africa (1999-2002) and Regional Legal Advisor for South Asia (1996-1999).
A member of the Senior Foreign Service, class of Career Minister, Mr. Groarke received USAID’s Distinguished Honor Award in 2009, the Agency’s highest performance award, for his service in Egypt and Iraq. In 2015 he received the Agency’s Superior Honor Award for his service in Haiti.
Prior to joining USAID in 1995, Groarke practiced corporate law in New York and Washington, D.C., and taught international law in London.