The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
In this Project on Managing the Atom Seminar, Senior Research Fellow Laura Rockwood will provide an overview of IAEA Safeguards and the State-Level Concept. Ms. Rockwood served in the Office of Legal Affairs of the IAEA from 1985-2013. For over 28 years, Ms. Rockwood was involved in all aspects of the drafting, negotiating and advising on the interpretation and implementation of IAEA safeguards agreements and protocols, and resolutions of the IAEA Board of Governors and the United Nations Security Council. In 2004, she was appointed Section Head for Non-Proliferation and Policy Making in the Office of Legal Affairs.