The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
The Center and Harvard's Nieman Foundation co-sponsored a Day-long conference for journalists on January 3. Twenty-two journalists who regularly cover Soviet-American relations for newspapers, magazines, and wire services around the country attended the conference entitled "After the Summit: What Happens Now?" The conference was designed to share wtih the participants the research and opinions of the speakers regarding several topics central to teh superpowers' nuclear policies, such as space weapons, the ABM Treaty, new offensive weapons, and arms control negotiations. The speakers were Albert Carnesale, Ashton Carter, Paul Doty, Stephen Flanagan, Karl Kaiser, Joseph Nye, adn Alan Sherr.