The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
A public address by Nabil Fahmy, former Egyptian Foreign Minister and Dean, School of Global Affairs and Public Policy (GAPP), Professor of Practice in International Diplomacy, American University Cairo.
Moderated by Nicholas Burns, Professor of the Practice of International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School.
About Nabil Fahmy:
Nabil Fahmy was foreign minister of Egypt from July 2013 to June 2014. Having assumed leadership of Egypt’s foreign policy during a critical phase of Egypt’s political transition, Minister Fahmy steered the course of Egypt’s diplomacy during a time of immense challenge. During his tenure as minister, Nabil Fahmy formulated a strategy to reorient Egypt’s foreign policy, ensuring that Egypt had numerous foreign policy options both regionally and globally, while also restructuring the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in order to address the future challenges confronting Egypt’s foreign policy.
During his distinguished diplomatic career, Nabil Fahmy served in numerous positions focusing on regional security, disarmament and non-proliferation, and Arab-Israeli diplomacy. He was a member of the Egyptian delegation to the 1991 Madrid Peace Conference; the Review Conferences of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; rapporteur of Committee on Principles in the United Nations Conference on Promoting International Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy; United Nations Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters; International Atomic Energy Agency Board and general conferences as well as numerous sessions of the United Nations General Assembly since 1977. He was elected vice chairman of the First Committee (Disarmament and International Security Affairs) of the 44th Session of the General Assembly in 1989. Nabil Fahmy capped his diplomatic career serving as Egypt’s ambassador to Japan from 1997 to 1999 and the United States from 1999 to 2008.
Following his retirement from active government service in 2009, Nabil Fahmy engaged in several initiatives in the field of research and academia. From June 2009 to 2013, he was the founding dean and professor of practice of the School of Global Affairs and Public Policy at The American University in Cairo. He has also served as a non-resident chair of the Middle East Non-Proliferation Project at the James Martin Center for Non-Proliferation Strategies, Monterey, CA, USA since May 1998.
A prolific writer on regional and global affairs, Nabil Fahmy is the author of numerous publications in both Arabic and English. He is married with three children and currently lives in Cairo.