The role of dual-use assistance to indigenous nuclear programs continues to be understudied while the historiography of post-1947 Indian foreign policymaking remains underdeveloped. In this MTA Seminar, MTA/ISP Research Fellow Jayita Sarkar will address these lacunae through an examination of French assistance to India’s nuclear program in the backdrop of U.S. nonproliferation efforts during the Cold War (1948-1978). Both countries — a difficult U.S. ally and a nonaligned country—posed significant political challenges to U.S. nonproliferation efforts, which encouraged their cooperation. The speaker concludes that technology transfers and joint R&D in emerging technologies constituted the unique character of French-Indian cooperation — a trend that continues till this day.