The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Part I: Study
- The difference and similarities between cultural diplomacy and soft power
- The beginnings of cultural diplomacy: Jefferson and Franklin
- The Good Neighbor Policy: Carmen Miranda, Aaron Copeland and more
- The creation of the OCIAA (The Office of the Coordinator for Inter-American Affairs)
- How does cultural diplomacy differ from soft power?
- What were the results of the Good Neighbor Policy cultural initiatives? Were these missions successful, and why?
- How can we define “American culture”?
All required readings will be provided in advance
1. Searching for a Cultural Diplomacy, Jessica C.E. Gienow-Hecht and Mark C Donfried, Introduction (p: 3-25)
2. The History of United States Cultural Diplomacy 1770 to the Present Day, Michael L Krenn, Chapter 1 (p: 9-32)
3. Soft Power and the Future of U.S. Foreign Policy, C.Dirlikov Canales, Chapter 13 (currently unpublished, copies will be provided)
The History of United States Cultural Diplomacy 1770 to the Present Day, Michael L Krenn, Chapter 1 (153 pages)
Part II: Discussion
John Ferguson, Founder and Executive Director, American Voices.
In 1993, John created American Voices to fulfill the need for quality, constructive American cultural programming in the newly independent nations of Central and Eastern Europe. He works in partnership with the U.S. State Department on Cultural Diplomacy programming.
Joanna Sherman, Founder and Artistic Director, Bond Street Theatre
As a director, choreographer, musician and actor, Joanna has initiated and participated in company projects in East Asia, South America, Eastern and Western Europe, the Middle East, Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. Under her directorship, Bond Street Theatre received a MacArthur Foundation Award in 1990 for its interdisciplinary and intercultural programming.