The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Cameron Munter, former US Ambassador to Pakistan opens this year's South Asia Week (co-sponsored by the Future of Diplomacy Project and the India & South Asia Program at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs) by offering his reflections on the tenuous relationship between the US and Pakistan, and on Pakistan's international role with respect to its neighbors.
Munter is a non-resident Senior Fellow with the Future of Diplomacy Project and served as a U.S. Foreign Service Officer for nearly three decades before his retirement in 2012.
He was the U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan from 2010-12, guiding U.S.-Pakistani relations through a period of severe crisis (including the operation against Osama Bin Laden in Abbottabad). Previously, he served as U.S. Ambassador to Serbia between 2007-09, during which time he negotiated Serbia domestic consensus for European integration while managing the Kosovo independence crisis. He also served twice in Iraq, leading the first Provincial Reconstruction Team in Mosul in 2006 and then as Deputy Chief of Mission in Baghdad in 2010. Previous overseas postings included Deputy Chief of Mission in Poland and in the Czech Republic. Ambassador Munter is a visiting professor of international relations at Pomona College in Claremont, California.