The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Amb. Thomas Graham, Jr. will discuss the failures of U.S. foreign policy that have resulted in major--and almost irresolvable--national security crises in Iran, North Korea, Israel and Palestine and elsewhere.
Ambassador Thomas Graham Jr. is a former senior-level diplomat and a world-renowned authority on nuclear nonproliferation. As a U.S. diplomat, Ambassador Graham was involved in the negotiation of every major arms control and nonproliferation negotiation from 1970 to 1997, including START, SALT, the CTBT, the INF Treaty, the CFE Treaty and the ABM Treaty, among many others. He participated in nuclear talks with more than 100 countries. For 15 years, Graham was general counsel for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, where he also served as acting director for one year. He has advised six U.S. presidents on issues related to nuclear nonproliferation; as President Bill Clinton’s special representative for arms control, nonproliferation, and disarmament, Graham headed the U.S. delegation that successfully led efforts to permanently extend the NPT.
In 2010 Graham was appointed to the United Arab Emirates’ International Advisory Board, helping to guide that country’s nuclear energy program and hold it to the highest standards of safety, security, and nonproliferation. He is Executive Chairman of Lightbridge Corporation of McLean, Virginia and board chairman of CanAlaska Uranium Ltd. of Vancouver, Canada. Graham has taught courses at Stanford, Georgetown, the University of Washington, and the University of Virginia Law School, among a number of others, on topics related to arms control, nonproliferation and nuclear security. He has lectured widely, authored numerous articles, and published six books in the international security field.