The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Abhishek Malhotra is a former Associate and Postdoctoral Research Fellow with the Belfer Center's Science, Technology and Public Policy Program. He is also an Assistant Professor at the School of Public Policy at IIT Delhi. His research focuses on policies and institutions for energy technology innovation and low-carbon development. His current areas of research include the role of hydrogen in decarbonization of the energy system, clean energy entrepreneurship in India, and energy innovation policies, institutions, and strategies.
Abhishek holds a Ph.D. in energy policy from the Energy and Technology Policy Group at ETH Zurich. Before this, he completed a Master's in Energy Science and Technology from ETH Zurich, and a B. Tech. in Mechanical Engineering from IIT Delhi. He has worked as a consultant for the World Bank and for the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), and as an intern at the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in Bonn, at the Division on Technology and Logistics of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva, and with GE Aviation in Bengaluru.