The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Andrew Waxman is a former Visiting Scholar with the Belfer Center's Environment and Natural Resources Program and Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program. He is an applied microeconomist examining the relationship between environmental outcomes, urban policies and inequality. Waxman is an assistant professor at the Lyndon Baines Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin and was previously at Arizona State University and affiliated with the Cornell Institute for China Economic Research. He received a BA in Economics with Interdisciplinary honors from Stanford University, and M.Sc. with Distinction in Economics for Development from Oxford University and a Ph.D. in Applied Economics and Management from Cornell University.
Waxman's work is at the intersection of urban and environmental economics including the evaluation of transportation and decarbonization policy. Part of his work consists in trying to think about how household location decisions of place of work and residence have implications for levels of emissions from home electricity usage as well as from commuting using personal vehicles. The link between these sectors has important implications for the design of cities and for understanding the full effects of policies targeting housing or transportation. Waxman has also studied real-time pricing of congested freeways in Los Angeles and the economics of carbon capture, utilization and storage policy.Last Updated: