The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Chloé Holt (she/her) is the Faculty Assistant to Professor Meghan L. O’Sullivan at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. She is also the Project Coordinator for the Geopolitics of Energy Project, which explores the intersection of energy, security, and international politics.
Previously, she worked as a Faculty and Program Coordinator at Harvard’s Graduate School of Education. She graduated from the University of Oregon in 2019 with an M.A. in Romance Languages with an emphasis in Spanish. Her area of study was Latin American media studies at the turn of the 20th century. She graduated from California Lutheran University in 2016 with a B.A. in English and Spanish.