The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Eleanor Freund is a 2017-2018 Associate at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. Her research focuses on U.S.-China relations, Chinese foreign policy, and Asia-Pacific security issues. From 2015 to 2017, she was a Research Assistant at the Belfer Center. She is currently a Schwarzman Scholar at Tsinghua University in Beijing, China, and will begin a Ph.D. in Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in August 2018.
Prior to joining the Belfer Center, Eleanor was a Junior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, D.C. and a student at the Inter-University Program for Chinese Language Studies at Tsinghua University in Beijing. She earned a B.A. in political science, with highest honors, from the University of California, Berkeley in 2013.Last Updated: Jul 7, 2017, 4:00pm