The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Guido Torres is a Department of Defense Civilian with over 21 years of national security experience working on sensitive intelligence operations and supporting military, diplomatic, and interagency campaigns. Prior to his arrival at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center, he served as the Special Operations Command South (SOCSOUTH) Sensitive Activities Director, responsible for planning, directing, and executing sensitive special operations and intelligence activities in the U.S. Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM) Area of Responsibility (AOR). He is the Director of Engagements for the Irregular Warfare Initiative (IWI)--a joint venture between Princeton University’s Empirical Studies of Conflict (ESOC) and West Point’s Modern War Institute (MWI).
Guido served in the U.S. Army, where he focused on the Indo-Pacific and the Western Hemisphere. He has spent his government service working within the special operations community, contributing to national security topics related to Latin America and the Caribbean, strategic competition, counterterrorism, and irregular forms of warfare. Guido holds a BA in Intelligence Studies from American Military University and is an MA candidate in Global Security and Strategic Studies at Johns Hopkins University.
Guido’s research interests include political warfare, gray zone tactics, Latin American policy, Space policy, and the cross-section between intelligence and technology policy.