The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
The following is Julie Bishop's biography when she was a fellow with the project from 2020-2021.
The Hon Julie Bishop served as Australia’s Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2013 to 2018 and deputy leader of the Liberal Party from 2007 to 2018. She was a Member of Parliament 1998 to 2019. Ms Bishop was sworn in as Australia's first female Foreign Minister on 18 September 2013, having previously served as Minister as Minister for Education, Science and Training and as the Minister Assisting the Prime Minister for Women's Issues. Prior to this, she was Minister for Ageing. Before entering Parliament Ms Bishop was a commercial litigation lawyer at Perth firm Clayton Utz, becoming a partner in 1985, and managing partner in 1994. Ms Bishop graduated with a Bachelor of Laws from the University of Adelaide in 1978 and attended Harvard Business School in Boston in 1996, completing the Advanced Management Program for Senior Managers. In 2017, the University of Adelaide awarded her the Honorary Degree of Doctor of the University for her contribution to Australian parliamentary service. She is currently the CEO and founder of the boutique strategic advisory firm Julie Bishop & Partners.Last Updated: Feb 1, 2022, 10:01am