The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Karoline Steinbacher is an associate of the Environment and Natural Resources Program; she was previously a Giorgio Ruffolo doctoral research fellow from September 2015 to August 2016 in the Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group. Karoline completed her Ph.D. in political sciences at Freie Universität Berlin in summer 2016. Her doctoral research focused on policy transfer from the German energy transition ("Energiewende") experience to Morocco, South Africa, and California.
Karoline's broader research interests include renewable energy policy, energy transition pathways in developing and industrialized countries, policy instrument selection, and co-benefits and target conflicts of sustainable energy and climate policy.Last Updated: Jan 17, 2020, 9:35am