The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Marino Auffant is a Ph.D. Candidate in History at Harvard University, an Ernest May Fellow at the Belfer Center, and a Graduate Student Associate at the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs.
Born and raised in the Dominican Republic, he pursued his undergraduate studies in History at Harvard College and a Master’s in Public Administration at France's Ecole Nationale d’Administration, and studied multiple languages including Arabic, Hebrew, Persian, Turkish, and Russian. He then had a corporate career as a strategy consultant in Paris, where he specialized in energy and public services.
Upon his return to academia in 2016, he has undertaken a doctoral dissertation entitled "Globalizing Oil, Unleashing Capital: An International History of the 1970s Energy Crisis," which explores the transformation of world order during the 1970s through the prism of the oil shocks. He also delves into the intersection of history and policy by serving as a Junior Scholar at the International Policy Scholars Consortium and Network (IPSCON) hosted by the Kissinger Center at Johns Hopkins SAIS.Last Updated: Sep 2, 2021, 12:00am