The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Rabah Arezki is Director of Research at the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) and a former Chief Economist and Vice President, Economic Governance and Knowledge Management at the African Development Bank and a Senior Fellow with the Middle East Initiative at Harvard Kennedy School.
Previously, Rabah Arezki was the Chief Economist for the Middle East and North Africa Region at the World Bank. Prior to that he was the Chief of the Commodities Unit in the Research Department at the International Monetary Fund and a non-resident fellow at the Brookings Institution. He is also an external research associate at the University of Oxford, a research fellow at the CESifo, a non-resident research fellow at the Navarra Center for International Development, a resource person at the African Economic Research Consortium and a research fellow at the Economic Research Forum.
Mr. Arezki is the author and co-author of numerous academic journal publications and other publications, including the Quarterly Journal of Economics, Nature, the Economic Journal, the European Economic Review, the Journal of International Economics, the Journal of Development Economics, and Economic Policy. Mr. Arezki’s research covers a wide array of topics including development economics international macroeconomics, energy and resource economics and the economics of Africa and the Middle East.
Mr. Arezki is the co-editor, and co-author of six books including Beyond the Curse: Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources, Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries, Shifting Commodity Markets in a Globalized World (all edited by the IMF), Coping with the Climate Crisis: Mitigation Policies and Global Coordination (Columbia University Press), Rethinking the Macroeconomics of Resource Rich Countries and Shaping Africa Recovery Post-Covid (both CEPR-VoxEU).
Many of Mr. Arezki’s research papers have been cited extensively in academic circles and in prominent media outlets such as the Economist, the Financial Times, the New York Times, the New Yorker, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post. Mr. Arezki is also a frequent contributor to Project Syndicate, Foreign Policy, Le Monde, Al Jazeera, Finance and Development, Jeune Afrique, an associate editor of the Revue d’Economie du Développement and was the Editor of the IMF Research Bulletin. Mr. Arezki received his M.S. from the Ecole Nationale de la Statistique et de l’Administration Economique in Paris , M.A. from the University of Paris-1 Pantheon-Sorbonne and Ph.D. in economics from the European University Institute.Last Updated: