The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Raphael Piliero is a Research Assistant at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, where he focuses on strategy, defense policy, nuclear weapons, and Asia-Pacific security.
Prior to joining the Belfer Center, Raphael was a Fulbright scholar to Taiwan and a research assistant at the Atlantic Council’s Forward Defense practice. Raphael graduated from Georgetown University with a degree in government. While at Georgetown, he interned with the US House of Representatives and United Nations Association, competed on the Georgetown Policy Debate team, and conducted research with Professor Matthew Kroenig.Last Updated: