Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Noncombat Participation in Rebellion: A Gendered Typology

  • Meredith Loken
| Summer 2022


A new conceptual typology of participation in rebellion identifies four dimensions along which individuals are involved in noncombat labor: logistics, outreach, governance, and community management. These duties are gendered in ways that often make women’s experiences and opportunities uniquely advantageous for rebel organizations. An in-depth analysis of women’s noncombat participation in the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland demonstrates this typology’s purpose and promise. Attention to noncombat labor enables a more comprehensive analysis of rebel groups and of civil wars.

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For Academic Citation:

Meredith Loken, "Noncombat Participation in Rebellion: A Gendered Typology," International Security, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Summer 2022), pp. 139–170,

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