The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Dr. Chi Sung, Song (Ph.D. at Seoul National University) has twenty-four years experience as a mechanical engineer and a director at the Korea Institute of Machinery & Materials (KIMM). He has an interest in broad policy issues such as the prospects for achieving stated cost, safety, security, core life time, and nonproliferation goals; how licensing approaches may need to be modified to address small modular reactors (SMR)s, and the practical commercialization strategy of SMRs. Also, his interests cover plant engineering, including chemical processing, desalination, and nuclear power plants.