The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Ida Maria Pinnerød - Mayor of Bodø, Norway
Ida Maria Pinnerød has been Mayor of Bodø since 2015, and was reelected for a second term in 2019. She is the current chair of both Arctic Mayors’ Forum and Salten Regional Council. While in office, she is on leave from Nord University, where she works as a Senior Advisor at the Faculty of Education and Arts. Pinnerød was first elected to the city council in 2011 as a representative for the Norwegian Labor Party. She holds a Language MA and a MA in Sociology from the University of Tromsø.
Bryce Ward - Mayor of Fairbanks North Star Borough, Alaska
Bryce J. Ward was born and raised in the interior and has called the Fairbanks-North Pole area home ever since and was elected as the 12th Mayor of the Fairbanks North Star Borough in October 2018. Mayor Ward is a graduate of Lathrop High School and received his Associates Degree in Business and a Certificate in Management from the University of Alaska Fairbanks Technical College. He served on the North Pole City Council for one year prior to being elected as Mayor of the City of North Pole and served two consecutive (3-year) terms from October 2012 to October 2018. Mayor Ward is also the owner of Ward Alaska LLC, a small general contracting company, and also owns residential rental homes in the North Pole area. His civic activities included volunteering with the Boy Scouts of America in Fairbanks/North Pole. He is serving his first three year term as Borough Mayor and was sworn in on October 25, 2018.
Annika Myrén - Development Strategist of the City of Umeå, Sweden
As climate transition officer for the city of Umeå, Annika Myrén serves the City committee and serves as an expert for the municipality. She coordinates the nationally funded project Climate-Neutral Umeå 2030 and is a part of Umeå’s participation in the European mission Climate-Neutral and Smart Cities and their Pilot City programme. Annika is also responsible for the local climate contract Umeå climate road map, where businesses, academic, public and civic organisations co-operate for the climate transition in Umeå.