In response to North Korea's rapidly growing missile capabilities during 2016-17, the U.S.-ROK Alliance sought to implement a joint decision to deploy THAAD, an advanced ballistic missile defense system. For this event, we’ll be taking both a historical and a policy approach to explore how the Alliance effectively coordinated responses against Chinese coercion during this period and draw lessons to apply to future Alliance decision making and policy response measures.

6:30 - 6:45 PM: Opening Session

Welcoming Remarks:
Dr. John Park (Director, Korea Project, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs)
Dr. Ashton Cho (Vice President, Korea Association of Military Studies)

Keynote Remarks:
Prof. Graham Allison (Douglas Dillon Professor of Government, Harvard Kennedy School)

6:45 - 7:30 PM: In Conversation

Dr. Francesca Giovannini (Executive Director, Managing the Atom Project, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs)

Panel Speakers:
General (Ret.) Vincent Brooks (Senior Fellow, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs & Former Commander, ROK-U.S. Combined Forces Command)
General (Ret.) Leem Ho-Young (President, Korea Association of Military Studies & Former Deputy Commander, ROK-U.S. Combined Forces Command)

7:30 - 8:00 PM: Q&A Session

8:00 PM: Adjourn

Prof. Graham Allison is the Douglas Dillon Professor of Government at Harvard University. He is a leading analyst of national security with special interests in nuclear weapons, Russia, China, and decision-making. Prof. Allison was the “Founding Dean” of Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government, and until 2017, served as Director of its Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, which is ranked the “#1 University Affiliated Think Tank” in the world. As Assistant Secretary of Defense in the first Clinton Administration, he received the Defense Department’s highest civilian award, the Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, for “reshaping relations with Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan to reduce the former Soviet nuclear arsenal.” Prof. Allison’s latest book, Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap? (2017), is a national and international bestseller. His first book, Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (1971), ranks among the all-time bestsellers with more than 500,000 copies in print. He was educated at Davidson College; Harvard College (B.A., magna cum laude, in History); Oxford University (B.A. and M.A., First Class Honors in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics); and Harvard University (Ph.D. in Political Science).

General (Ret.) Vincent Brooks is a career Army officer who retired from active duty in January 2019 as the four-star general in command of over 650,000 Koreans and Americans under arms. He serves as Chairman and President of the Korea Defense Veterans Association. He is a Senior Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Engineering from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, where he was selected to lead the 4,000 cadets as “First Captain.” He also holds a Master of Military Art and Science from the U.S. Army School of Advanced Military Studies at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. General Brooks was a National Security Fellow at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government. He holds an honorary Doctor of Laws from the New England School of Law as well as an honorary Doctor of Humanities from New England Law | Boston.

Dr. Ashton Cho is the Vice President and Director of International Security Cooperation at the Korea Association of Military Studies. Dr. Cho received his Ph.D. from Columbia University and was previously the Shorenstein Postdoctoral Fellow at Stanford University’s Asia-Pacific Research Center and an Advanced Research Scholar at Peking University’s School of International Studies. Dr. Cho’s current research activities focus on the ROK-U.S. Alliance. 

Dr. Francesca Giovannini is the Executive Director of the Project on Managing the Atom at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center. Dr. Giovannini served as Strategy and Policy Officer to the Executive Secretary of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), based in Vienna. In that capacity, she oversaw a series of policy initiatives to promote CTBT ratification as a confidence-building mechanism in regional and bilateral nuclear negotiations, elevate the profile of CTBT in academic circles and promote the recruitment of female scientists from the Global South. Prior to her international appointment, Dr. Giovannini served for five years at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston as Director of the Research Program on Global Security and International Affairs. With a Doctorate from the University of Oxford and two Masters from the University of California, Berkeley, Dr. Giovannini began her career working for international organizations and the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

General (Ret.) Leem Ho-Young is the President of the Korea Association of Military Studies, a nonprofit think tank operating under the auspices of the ROK Ministry of National Defense. He is also the Vice Chairman of the Korea Defense Veterans Association and Vice President of the Korea-U.S. Alliance Foundation. Previously General Leem was the Commander of the Ground Component Command and Deputy Commander of the ROK-U.S. Combined Forces Command from 2016 to 2017. General Leem has served as the ROK Army’s Director of Audit and Inspection and the Director of Strategy and Planning for the ROK Joint Chiefs of Staff. He has been a lifelong Infantry officer since his graduation from the Korea Military Academy, Class Number 38.

Dr. John Park is Director of the Korea Project at the Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center. Dr. Park’s core research projects focus on nuclear proliferation, alliances, economic statecraft, North Korean cyber activities, and the political economy of the Korean Peninsula. At Harvard University, he is an Associated Faculty Member of the Korea Institute, Faculty Member of the Committee on Regional Studies East Asia, and a Faculty Affiliate with the Project on Managing the Atom. He previously directed Northeast Asia Track 1.5 projects at the U.S. Institute of Peace. He advises Northeast Asia policy-focused officials in the U.S. government. He earlier worked at Goldman Sachs and The Boston Consulting Group. Dr. Park received his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge. He completed his predoctoral and postdoctoral training at the Harvard Kennedy School.