The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Kara De Castro has over 20 years of experience working to enhance nuclear safety and security internationally. From April 2011 to October 2013, she worked directly for the National Nuclear Security Administration, Department of Energy (DOE), leading international nonproliferation projects and providing support as an Acting Deputy Office Director. As of October 2013, Ms. De Castro is the DOE Attaché at the U.S. Embassy in Islamabad, Pakistan.
For more than 10 years, Kara De Castro led the Department of Energy sponsored project to enhance nuclear security culture in the Russian Federation. She jointly planned and designed the systematic program that includes a sound regulatory basis, a comprehensive training program, and assessment tools. She also led the establishment of nuclear security culture enhancement programs in Ukraine and Belarus. Kara De Castro has worked closely with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and has drafted nuclear security culture guidance documents for use in the IAEA program.
Kara De Castro started her career at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) working to enhance safety at Russian and Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plants. Ms. De Castro later became the Head of BNL’s Consolidation and Sustainability Group, supervising the group providing technical support to the National Nuclear Security Administration’s International Material Protection and Cooperation Program.
In this Project on Managing the Atom seminar, Ms. De Castro will speak on enhancing nuclear security culture internationally.