The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Calestous Juma is Professor of the Practice of International Development at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and Director of the Science, Technology and Globalization Project. He is a former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and Founding Director of the African Centre for Technology Studies in Nairobi. He is a Fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences and the World Academy of Art and Science, member of the Kenya National Academy of Sciences and National Associate of the U.S. National Academies. He has served on several committees of the NAS on science advice for sustainable development, geographical information sciences, and biotechnology. He is coordinator of the United Nations Millennium Project's Task Force on Science, Technology and Innovation.
Eugene Skolnikoff is Professor of Political Science Emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Professor Skolnikoff has focused his research and teaching interests in the field of science and public policy, especially the interaction of science and technology with international affairs. This interest has covered a wide range of international subjects, including recent studies in global climate change and proliferation. He studied electrical engineering at MIT, followed by politics and economics at Oxford University on a Rhodes Scholarship, and political science at MIT once again. He has held a variety of posts, including serving on the White House staff in the Office of the Special Assistant to the President for Science and Technology under Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy, and he played an active role as Senior Consultant to the White House Science Office under President Carter.
Professor Skolnikoff served as Head of the Political Science Department from 1970-74, and was Director of the Center for International Studies from 1972 to 1987. He has been a consultant to government departments and international organizations, has held a variety of posts in professional societies, and was instrumental in the development of the science and public policy fields at universities in the U.S. and abroad. His research publications include Science, Technology and American Foreign Policy; International Imperatives of Technology; and a major new book entitled: The Elusive Transformation: Science, Technology, and the Evolution of International Politics.
This event is part of the Energy Technology Innovation Project Speaker Series and the Science, Technology, and Innovation for Sustainable Prosperity seminar, jointly sponsored by BCSIA’s Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program and CID’s Science, Environment, and Development Program. All events are open to the public.