The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Dr. Debyani Ghosh joined the program as a post-doctoral research fellow in Sept. 2002. She has expertise in policy analysis related to energy-environment systems that include micro and macro-economic policy analysis, global and national policies, regional and sectoral policies, technology policies and socio-economic policy analysis with emphasis on Energy and Environment systems. Other areas of interest are in management and implementation that involve strategy formulation at the enterprise level including financial analysis, structuring implementation plans, execution and monitoring. She has intensive experience and knowledge of working with models that are used internationally for energy and environment system and GHG mitigation strategy analysis. She holds a Ph.D. from Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad with specialization in policy analysis of Energy-Environment systems. For her final dissertation she worked on Long-term Technology Strategies and Policies for Indian Power Sector. As part of the IIM research group, she had the opportunity to work on international projects and research activities with Pew Center on Global Climate Change, USA; Resources for the Future, U.S.A.; National Institute of Environment Studies (NIES), Japan; and University of Twente, Netherlands. She is a Chemical Engineering graduate and has a two year work experience in the Energy Management Department of one of the largest integrated steel plants in India prior to joining graduate school.
Dr. Guodong Sun is a Research Fellow in the Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program. He is also the E7 Scholar in Sustainable Energy Development, and Adjunct Research Fellow in the Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center at Carnegie Mellon University. His research focus on the roles of government in advancing the research, development, demonstration and deployment of clean coal technologies (CCT) in the U.S. and China. He also leads the collaboration research on CCT between Harvard University and China's Ministry of Science and Technology. Prior to coming to Harvard, he was a post-doctoral research fellow at Carnegie Mellon University, and researched on advanced energy technologies and their environmental control systems including CO2 separation/capture technologies. He gained his Ph.D. in Engineering and Public Policy from Carnegie Mellon University. Supported by National Science Foundation, his thesis examined various forces that have shaped the development of China’s environmental management, implicit value of life-saving of air pollution control programs, and exposure-based regulatory framework for air pollution control. Prior to returning to school to pursue a Ph.D., he worked for the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of China’s State Planning Commission. At ERI, he conducted research, managed research projects, and advised central government on matters of energy and global climate change policy. He also earned a master’s degree in System Engineering and a bachelor degree in Turbomachinery from Tsinghua University, China.