The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Eyck Freymann is a former joint Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Belfer Center's Arctic Initiative and the Columbia–Harvard China & the World Program, where he researched the geopolitics of climate change. He is also a Non-Resident Research Fellow with the China Maritime Studies Institute at the U.S. Naval War College.
His first book, One Belt One Road: Chinese Power Meets the World, was published by the Harvard Asia Center Press in 2020. His writings on U.S.–China relations and other current affairs topics have appeared in The Wall Street Journal, Foreign Affairs, The Economist, Foreign Policy, and The Atlantic. As a reporter and columnist for The Wire China, he is also the author of “The Warming War,” a series of reports on the breakdown in climate diplomacy and its implications for the planet and the U.S.–China relationship.
Freymann holds a doctorate in China Studies from Balliol College, University of Oxford; two masters degrees in China Studies: the first from Harvard University and the second from St Edmunds College, University of Cambridge, where he was a Harvard-UK Henry Scholar; and a bachelors cum laude with highest honors in East Asian History from Harvard College.Last Updated: