The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Justin Winokur is an Associate of the Applied History Project at Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, where he helps develop and advocate historical approaches to problem-solving in US foreign policy. From 2018-2020, Justin was a Research Assistant to Professor Graham Allison and was the Applied History Project Coordinator.
Justin is a third-year PhD candidate at the University of Virginia researching the history of the American warfare state and military-industrial complex. He graduated summa cum laude from Connecticut College, where he studied International Relations with minors in French and German. Prior to joining the Belfer Center, Justin was a Research Assistant at Harvard’s American Secretaries of State Project and the Institute for European Politics in Berlin, Germany.Last Updated: Dec 5, 2022, 4:41pm