The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Sarah Hubbard is a product leader and strategist with a focus on building emerging technologies at scale. As a Senior Product Manager, Sarah has led various cross-functional teams building products in artificial intelligence and machine learning, mixed reality, Azure IoT, and new intelligent devices at both Apple and Microsoft. She has a passion for human-centered design, building communities, and guiding the ethical and equitable use of technology in society.
Previously, Sarah worked at the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy where she collaborated on launching the Climate Education and Literacy Initiative, a variety of White House Women in STEM projects, and multiple computer science education initiatives such as having President Obama write a line of code. She is also one of the authors of the research paper "Toys That Listen: A Study of Parents, Children, and Internet-Connected Toys", through her work at the Tech Policy Lab, which focused on the security and privacy implications of internet-connected devices featured at CHI 2017 & FTC PrivacyCon 2018. These experiences in technology policy have influenced her career as a technologist in industry, sparking a life-long interest in understanding and guiding the impact of the emerging technologies she is building.Last Updated: May 9, 2022, 3:56pm