Paper - Institute of Nuclear Materials Management
On China's Closed Fuel Cycle Strategies
As it expands its fleet of nuclear power plants, China faces an important decision: whether to make large capital investments in facilities to reprocess spent nuclear fuel and recycle the resulting plutonium in fast neutron reactors, or continue to store nuclear fuel, leaving for the future decisions on whether to reprocess the fuel or dispose of it as waste. In reaching a decision, policymakers should consider financial costs, the available fuel supply, nuclear security and proliferation risks, health and environmental dangers, and spent fuel management issues. This paper will first discuss the status of China’s breeder reactors and civilian reprocessing programs. It will then examine the costs and fuel supply issues associated with reprocessing.
Zhang, Hui, “On China's Closed Fuel Cycle Strategies,” presented at the Institute of Nuclear Materials Management 59th Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, July 2018.
Analysis & Opinions - Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists
Report - International Panel on Fissile Materials
In the Spotlight
News - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School
Policy Brief - Quarterly Journal: International Security
Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School