Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Collective Resilience: Deterring China’s Weaponization of Economic Interdependence

  • Victor Cha
| Summer 2023


Since the 2010s, China has used economic coercion against Western and Asian states to achieve territorial and political goals. China leverages its market in a form of “predatory liberalism” that weaponizes the networks of interdependence created by globalization. But interdependence, even asymmetric interdependence, is a two-way street. Targets of China’s bullying could band together to practice economic deterrence by promising to retaliate against China’s high-dependence trade should Beijing act against any one of the alliance members. 

For more information on this publication: Belfer Communications Office
For Academic Citation:

Victor D. Cha, "Collective Resilience: Deterring China's Weaponization of Economic Interdependence," International Security 48, no. 1 (Summer 2023), 91–124,

The Author