Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security
High Stakes and Low Bars: How International Recognition Shapes the Conduct of Civil Wars
The balance in civil wars between rebel groups and ruling regimes can be shifted by the decision of other states to recognize one party as the government. Usually, whichever party controls the capital city is recognized, but this generates perverse incentives and can fuel long-term state weakness.
Marika Landau-Wells, "High Stakes and Low Bars: How International Recognition Shapes the Conduct of Civil Wars," Vol. 43, No. 1 (Summer 2018), pp. 100–137, doi:10.1162/isec_a_00321.
In the Spotlight
Report - Russia Matters
Discussion Paper - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School
Analysis & Opinions - The Boston Globe