Journal Article - Quarterly Journal: International Security

Pier Competitor: China's Power Position in Global Ports

  • Isaac B. Kardon
  • Wendy Leutert
| Spring 2022


China’s global commercial port expansion and Chinese firms’ ties to the Party-state reveal multiple mechanisms that permit the Chinese leadership to use these ports for strategic purposes. International port terminals owned and operated by Chinese firms provide dual-use capabilities to the People's Liberation Army during peacetime. They support logistics and intelligence networks that materially enable China to project power into critical regions worldwide. Thus, overseas military bases are not the sole index of global power projection capabilities.

For more information on this publication: Belfer Communications Office
For Academic Citation:

Isaac B. Kardon and Wendy Leutert, "Pier Competitor: China's Power Position in Global Ports," International Security, Vol. 46, No. 4 (Spring 2022), pp. 9–47,

The Authors