The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Shohini Ghose is a Professor of Physics and Computer Science at Wilfrid Laurier University and holds the NSERC Chair for Women in Science and Engineering. Her research focuses on quantum information theory and quantum chaos. She and her colleagues were the first to observe a connection between classical chaos and quantum entanglement. Professor Ghose is the founding Director of the Laurier Centre for Women in Science and the first person of colour to be President (2019 to 2020) of the Canadian Association of Physicists. In 2014 she was selected as a TED Fellow and then as a TED Senior Fellow in 2018 for her contributions to quantum information science. She is an Affiliate of the Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics and served as the Institute’s first Equity, Diversity and Inclusion Specialist from 2018 to 2019. She also sits on the Scientific Board of the UNESCO International Basic Sciences Program. Professor Ghose was elected to the Royal Society of Canada’s College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists in 2017.