The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Dr. Hayhoe is the chief scientist for The Nature Conservancy and a distinguished professor and chair at Texas Tech University. She is the author of a recent book, Saving Us: A Climate Scientist’s Case for Hope and Healing in a Divided World, which talks about why climate change matters and what we can do to fix it. She has received the American Geophysical Union’s climate communication prize, the Stephen Schneider Climate Communication award, the United Nations Champion of the Earth award, and been named one of Time Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People.