The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Charles Landow is a Senior Research Associate and Manager at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, supporting Belfer Center Director Meghan O’Sullivan. He is also an Adjunct Instructor of Political Science at the University of Nebraska at Omaha.
Landow came to the Belfer Center after serving as chief of staff for former Treasury Secretary Robert E. Rubin. He previously held several roles at the Council on Foreign Relations, including special assistant for research to President Richard Haass, director of the Model Diplomacy educational simulation, and associate director of a research program on economic and political development. In 2013, Landow served as research director for the chair and vice chair of multi-party political negotiations in Northern Ireland. He worked earlier in his career at the International Labour Organization in Geneva and for Senator E. Benjamin Nelson in Washington.
Landow earned a bachelor’s degree in political science from Columbia University and a master’s degree in international affairs from Columbia’s School of International and Public Affairs. His writings on international affairs and philanthropy have appeared in such outlets as the International Herald Tribune, the Wall Street Journal, CNN.com, ForeignPolicy.com, and CFR.org. He is an editor of Pathways to Freedom: Political and Economic Lessons From Democratic Transitions (2013). A native of Omaha, Landow speaks fluent French, advanced Spanish, and basic German and Italian.Last Updated: