The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Kelly Sims Gallagher is Professor of Energy and Environmental Policy at The Fletcher School, Tufts University. She directs the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy at Fletcher. From June 2014-September 2015 she served in the Obama Administration as a Senior Policy Advisor in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy, and as Senior China Advisor in the Special Envoy for Climate Change office at the U.S. State Department. Gallagher is a member of the board of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School, where she previously directed the Energy Technology Innovation Policy (ETIP) research group. She is also a faculty affiliate with the Harvard University Center for Environment.
Broadly, she focuses on energy and climate policy in both the United States and China. She specializes in the role of policy in spurring the development and deployment of cleaner and more efficient energy technologies, domestically and internationally. A Truman Scholar, she has a MALD and PhD in international affairs from The Fletcher School, and an AB from Occidental College. She speaks Spanish and basic Mandarin Chinese, and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. She is the author of China Shifts Gears: Automakers, Oil, Pollution, and Development (The MIT Press 2006), editor of Acting in Time on Energy Policy (Brookings Institution Press 2009), The Global Diffusion of Clean Energy Technologies: Lessons from China (MIT Press 2014), and numerous academic articles and policy reports.Last Updated: Apr 9, 2021, 12:35pm