The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Rachel Mural is a Research Associate at the Belfer Center’s Environment and Natural Resources Program (ENRP) and Science, Technology, and Public Policy Program (STPP). Before joining the Belfer Center, Mural was a Research Associate at the Digital, Data, and Design Institute at Harvard University (D³). As a member of the Laboratory for Innovation Science at Harvard, she worked with Professor Kyle Myers (Harvard Business School) to develop, launch, and analyze the first wave of the National Survey of Academic Researchers (NSAR).
Mural received her Master of Philosophy in Environmental Policy from the University of Cambridge in 2020 and her Bachelor of Arts in Government from the University of Maryland in 2018. During her undergraduate studies, Mural completed internships with the U.S. Department of Justice Environmental Crimes Section, the University of Maryland Center for American Politics and Citizenship, and O’Connell & Dempsey, LLC. Her research interests focus primarily on the intersections of climate change, emerging technologies, and artificial intelligence.
Outside of the office, Mural volunteers with Capital for Climate and the Adaptive Climbing Group of Massachusetts.Last Updated: