The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Daniel Sobelman is a Fellow with the Middle East Initiative and an Assistant Professor of International Relations at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, where he teaches about coercion, war, and the international relations of the Middle East. His research revolves around asymmetric coercion, specifically in the context of contemporary Middle Eastern conflicts. Daniel is currently completing a book manuscript on asymmetric deterrence and "rules of the game" as exemplified in conflicts involving "resistance" actors in the region, including the Lebanese Hezbollah, Iran, Hamas in the Gaza Strip, and Yemen's Houthi rebels.
Prior to joining academia, Daniel completed three years of mandatory service in Israel's military intelligence, following which he joined the Israeli daily Haaretz as Arab Affairs correspondent. In addition, he worked as an Arabic linguist for the U.S. Government's Open Source Center. Daniel also holds Bachelor's and Master's degrees in the history of the Middle East and Islam, from Tel Aviv University. His publications include, among others, "Learning to Deter: Deterrence Failure and Success in the Israel-Hezbollah Conflict, 2006–16" (International Security); "Restraining an Ally: Israel, the United States and Iran's Nuclear Program, 2011–2012" (Texas National Security Review); "Reconceptualizing Triangular Coercion in International Relations" (Cooperation and Conflict), "Coercive Disclosure: The Weaponization of Public Intelligence Revelation in International Relations" (Contemporary Security Policy); "Houthis in the Footsteps of Hizbullah" (Survival); and "Hezbollah's Coercion And the Israel-Lebanon Maritime Deal" (Middle East Policy). His work has also appeared in popular policy-oriented outlets such as War on the Rocks, the National Interest, and Foreign Policy.Last Updated: