The overarching question imparting urgency to this exploration is: Can U.S.-Russian contention in cyberspace cause the two nuclear superpowers to stumble into war? In considering this question we were constantly reminded of recent comments by a prominent U.S. arms control expert: At least as dangerous as the risk of an actual cyberattack, he observed, is cyber operations’ “blurring of the line between peace and war.” Or, as Nye wrote, “in the cyber realm, the difference between a weapon and a non-weapon may come down to a single line of code, or simply the intent of a computer program’s user.”
Dr. Julie George is an International Security Program Postdoctoral Fellow in the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Harvard Kennedy School. She has a Ph.D. in Government from Cornell University. Previously, she was a predoctoral fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) and Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence (HAI) at Stanford University (2022-2023).
Broadly, her doctoral research examines the proliferation of emerging technologies and their impact on the probability and nature of conflict and cooperation in the international system. This focus has led her to engage a broad selection of scholarship across science and technology studies, history, international organizations, and law. Prior to her doctoral studies at Cornell University, she worked at the Atlantic Council and completed a graduate fellowship at the Nonproliferation Education and Research Center (NEREC) housed at KAIST University in South Korea.
Her previous work included research on nuclear and cyber security, military expenditures, and trade in East and South Asia. She has a B.A. and M.A. in Political Science from Boston University, where she received the Best Thesis Award and was inducted into Phi Beta Kappa. More information regarding Julie's research can be found at www.juliexgeorge.com.Last Updated: