Policy Briefs & Testimonies

480 Items

An oil tanker is moored at the Sheskharis complex, part of Chernomortransneft JSC, a subsidiary of Transneft PJSC, in Novorossiysk, Russia

AP Photo, File

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs and the Mossavar-Rahmani Center for Business and Government

The Price Cap on Russian Oil Exports, Explained

| Dec. 05, 2022

The price cap on Russian oil implemented today by the G7 countries plus Australia represents a novel approach to sanctions. The policy is designed to reduce Russian fossil fuel revenues while keeping Russian oil on the market. In this brief, Catherine Wolfram, Simon Johnson, and Łukasz Rachel explain the basic economic principles at work and discuss some of the critiques of the price cap. 

In this April 20, 2021, file photo, an alert from the Department of Homeland Security's Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency is photographed. Most Americans across party lines have serious concerns about cyber attacks on U.S. computer systems and view China and Russia as major threats.

(AP Photo/Jon Elswick)

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Internet Superpowers

| November 2022

As inventions go, the Internet stacks up with the best of them: the lightbulb, automobile, maybe even fire. However, it’s time for policymakers to look carefully at how its swift transformation of society has affected freedom. Today’s disconcerting answer is that it breaks some essential tools for a civilized society, writes Steve Johnson. 

two reindeer graze on the tundra in Inari, Finland

Unsplash/Tania Malrechauffe

Policy Brief - The Gordon Foundation

Arctic Policy Hackathon: Policy Recommendations for Food Sovereignty in the Arctic

| October 2022

Arctic Initiative Senior Fellow Jennifer Spence facilitated the first Arctic Policy Hackathon in Reykjavik, Iceland - a joint initiative of the Gordon Foundation, the Canadian International Arctic Centre, and the Arctic Mayors’ Forum. The final policy recommendations shift the power to Arctic communities to dictate their own well-being through food sovereignty and should be a priority in Arctic policy discussions.

Man in hardhat walks between floating solar panels on a lake

AP Photo/Martin Meissner, File

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Combining Technology-Push and Demand-Pull Policies to Create More and Better Energy Jobs

| Sep. 15, 2022

Policymakers guiding their economies to a low-carbon, prosperous future must strike the right balance between technology-push and demand-pull. The rapid build-out of solar photovoltaics in recent years has revealed the benefits of generous demand-pull policies, but also their limits. In this policy brief, the authors show why combining robust demand-pull and technology-push policies results in more effective policy mixes that go beyond innovation and deployment to help competitive domestic industries create more and better jobs.

Three tall smokestacks emit plumes of steam and emissions

Public Domain/National Park Service

Policy Brief - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

Comparative State Economic Interventions in the Carbon Capture and Storage Market

  • Dillon W. Smith
  • Umang Bhattarai
  • Wake Smith
| September 2022

The authors explore an essential element in the portfolio of climate solutions required to rapidly achieve net zero emissions — flue gas carbon capture and storage, whereby carbon can be sifted from emission streams before it enters the atmosphere and safely sequestered in geologic storage systems.

An Indian laborer works to construct a flyover in Jammu, India

AP Photo/Channi Anand

Policy Brief - Think20

Developing National Strategy and the Role of Sovereign Wealth Fund to Support Sustainable Infrastructure Projects

| Aug. 29, 2022

Mobilising private finance is critical for closing the global sustainable infrastructure investment gap, particularly in lower-middle income countries. Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) – large state-owned investment funds – can play a critical role in incentivising and unlocking private national as well as international finance to enable low-carbon infrastructure investment that is aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

close up of gray metal chain

Aida L/Unsplash

Policy Brief - Italian Institute for International Political Studies

Technological Innovation and the Energy Value Chains in the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy

| July 28, 2022

Recent events have highlighted how wars, pandemics, and even supply chain issues can quickly blunt existing efforts and policies to address climate change. The solution cannot lie in globalization, argue authors De Blasio and Zheng, but instead in a long-term systemic focus on clean technology innovation. The path ahead will require a collective understanding of how developing and deploying the needed clean technology innovation will affect value chains, markets, and geopolitics.

This photo taken from night video provided by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection shows a smuggler dropping children from the top of border barrier in Santa Teresa, N.M.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection via AP

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Dismantling Migrant Smuggling Networks in the Americas

  • Guadalupe Correa-Cabrera
| June 27, 2022

This paper proposes the dismantling of migrant smuggling networks through intelligence and targeted actions as important elements both of border security and enforcement and humanitarian migration management. In addition to these policies, the U.S. government should collaborate closely with other governments to cooperatively redesign asylum systems.

Trucks drive through floodwaters at the U.S.-Canada border crossing in Sumas, Washington. 

AP Photo/Elaine Thompson

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Toward an Integrated North American Emergency Response System

| June 23, 2022

Establishing a North American approach is a key component to more comprehensive and effective emergency management structured to meet current and emerging threats. This paper briefly examines the history of emergency response coordination among the United States, Mexico, and Canada, highlighting some of the major bilateral, regional and non-governmental agreements.

A photo of a sign that reads "bitcoin ATM" on a yellow background.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

North Korean Cryptocurrency Operations: An Alternative Revenue Stream

  • Heeu Millie Kim
  • June Lee
  • Rachel Paik
| May 24, 2022

Although North Korean cyber operations have been widely publicized, the purpose of this report is to focus on three ways North Korea obtains cryptocurrencies, specifically cryptomining, cryptojacking, and fraudulent initial coin offerings (ICOs).