Policy Briefs & Testimonies

470 Items

A photo of a sign that reads "bitcoin ATM" on a yellow background.

AP Photo/Kin Cheung

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

North Korean Cryptocurrency Operations: An Alternative Revenue Stream

  • Heeu Millie Kim
  • June Lee
  • Rachel Paik
| May 24, 2022

Although North Korean cyber operations have been widely publicized, the purpose of this report is to focus on three ways North Korea obtains cryptocurrencies, specifically cryptomining, cryptojacking, and fraudulent initial coin offerings (ICOs).

Policy Brief

Database on U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Budgets for Energy Research, Development, & Demonstration (1978–2023R)

| Apr. 13, 2022

The attached document contains April 2022 updates to our database on U.S. government investments in energy research, development, demonstration, and deployment (ERD3) through the Department of Energy.

In this March 29, 2018, file photo the logo for Facebook appears on screens at the Nasdaq MarketSite in New York's Times Square. Facebook made $40 billion in advertising revenue last year.

(AP Photo/Richard Drew, File)

Policy Brief

Federal Data Security and Privacy Law: Finding Compromise On Federal Legislation

| Apr. 12, 2022

This explainer is part of a series considering roadblocks to a federal data security and privacy law, drawing upon research and engagement with stakeholders to identify and recommend appropriate courses of action to find compromise on federal legislation. Ongoing research also includes topics like civil rights in privacy, arbitration and covered entities and data. We offer the following initial recommendations:

A close up of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security seal on the front of a wooden podium.

Mariah Cisse/NPS

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Toward a Better Immigration System

  • Doris Meissner
  • Ruth Ellen Wasem
| Apr. 11, 2022

This paper examines questions of structure—as compared with leadership and policy—and proposes changes that would enable more effective and humane implementation of the nation’s immigration laws. It identifies four key organizational areas of concern—mission, institutional structures, funding priorities, and institutional culture—essential to the vitality and governance of the U.S. immigration system.

Swirling light trails

Federico Beccari/Unsplash

Policy Brief - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School

Technological Innovation and the Future of Energy Value Chains

| Apr. 08, 2022

The transition from energy systems dominated by fossil fuels to ones based on renewable electricity and carbon-free molecules will significantly impact existing value chains and forge new pathways and transformation steps from production to consumption. This transition will bring not only substantial cost challenges but also promises to dramatically alter stakeholders’ interactions along value chains.

Hong Kong's harbor and skyline

Wikimedia CC/Benh LIEU SONG

Policy Brief - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

Increasing the Emissions-Reduction Efficiency of Carbon Trading Schemes in China Under the “30.60” Target: Reflection on the Carbon Markets of Guangdong Province, China

  • Chen Shaoqing
| March 2022

The author explores opportunities for expanding the scope of Guangdong Province’s emissions trading system in the context of China’s recently-launched national carbon-pricing system.

Yuexiu, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China

Wikimedia CC/ 张彬

Policy Brief - Harvard Project on Climate Agreements

The Offsetting Mechanism in Guangdong Province’s ETS: Lessons Learned and the Way Forward

  • Yang Shu
| February 2022

As one of the first low-carbon pioneering provinces in China, Guangdong launched its carbon market in 2013. An important design feature of the Guangdong emissions trading system (ETS) has been the use of offset credits. This brief, in both Chinese and English, explores the Guangdong ETS’s offset mechanism and its possible future evolution.

Transmission Lines

AP Photo/Ng Han Guan, File

Policy Brief

The Challenges of Decarbonizing the U.S. Electric Grid by 2035

| February 2022

The Biden administration has established a national goal of 100% carbon-free electricity by 2035 and reaching net-zero economy-wide greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. But to realize these goals, the United States must not only transition the production of power, but also build thousands of miles of upgraded or new transmission.